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Augusta

Last update date: 
30.05.2019
Crop: 

Watermelon

Maturity: 
85 to 90 days
Color: 
Blackish Green, Deep red crispy flesh

Features :

  • Sweetness : 11% to 12% brix
  • Uniform fruit size
  • Very good adaptability
  • Good for Long Distance transportability
Yield Average yield: 18 MT/acre ( depending on season and cultural practice)
Size Uniform fruit size
Shape Round Fruit Shape
Plant type Sugar Baby type

Weight

7-10 kg

Recommended states

Recommended states for cultivation under normal agro-climatic conditions in:

Kharif

CG, MH

Rabi

AP,TS,AS,BR,CG,GJ,JH,KA,MP,MH,OD,RJ,UP,WB,AS,TR,Manipur
Summer CG,GJ,JH,KA,MP,MH,OD,RJ

 

Seed Rate

400 - 500 Gm per Acre

Plant Population

7000 - 7500 plants per Acre

Suitability of the variety for the Area Agro Climatic Zone

All India

Selection of the field/land preparation practices

Land selection - Soils with good nutrition (medium soil, loam to sandy loam). The soil must be having excellent drainage history. If possible use the land with a previous crop other than Cucurbitaceae.

Land should be well prepared.  1-2 deep ploughing followed by 3-4 rounds of harrows to get fine tilt. 

Before final harrow, apply 8 to 10 MT well decomposed FYM/acre along with 1kg Trichoderma for controlling soil born fungus.

Seed Treatment-rate of timing/ chemical

Seeds are treated with Carbendazim 2g + Thiram 2 g per Kg of seeds.

Sowing Time

Late Winter, Early Summer, Summer

Seed Rate/ Sowing method- line sowing with row to row and plant to plant distance/ direct sowing

Seed Rate: 300 - 350 g per acre.

Sowing: Direct in main field

Spacing: Row to Row and Plant to Plant – 120 × 30 cm (Single Row) or 240 × 30 cm (Double Row)

Fertilizer dose with timing

Total N:P:K requirement @ 80:100:120 kg per acre.

Dose & Timing:

Basal Dose: Apply 50% N and 100% P, K as basal dose during final land preparation.

Top Dressing: 25% N at 30 days after sowing and 25% N at 50 days after sowing.

Weed Control- Chemicals with doses and timing

Timely weed removal is very important, need-based hand weeding can be done to ensure a healthy crop. To complete this operation before fruit set

Diseases & Pest control- Chemicals with doses and timing

For effective crop control apply fungicide as per recommendation from the Department of Agriculture (plant protection) to control Damping-off, Downey Mildew, Powdery Mildew, and other fungal diseases. Apply recommended insecticide to control sucking pests, fruit flies, and any other insects.
Insecticide spray should not be done at the flowering stage (30 - 50 Days) to enable honeybee activities for pollination.

For watermelon crop leaf minor, thrips, and the fruit fly are major insects. While Downy Mildew, Powdery Mildew, Wilt, Anthracnose, and Gummy Stem Blight are the major diseases.

Timely control of insects and diseases will help to achieve excellent crop growth. Do not spray during the peak pollination period.

Irrigation Schedule

It needs regular irrigation. The irrigation interval and quantity need to fix to avoid fruit cracking.

In light soil and summer season the irrigation frequency should be more.

Harvesting

Harvest the fruit at the time of physiological maturity.Date of maturity or days after sowing( ͠ 85-90 days)

 

The maturity of watermelon can be judged by the following steps:

1. A dead tendril attaches to the vine,

2. Dull appearance of the fruit compared to their slick appearance,

3. Maturity is also judged by metallic sounds,

4. After harvesting fruits should not be left long in the sun otherwise sun scaled may develop